Nutrition for quarantined COVID patients at home

Right now, at Viet Nam, vaccine coverage is more than 80 million doses across the country, it’s not strange for Covid – patients treating at home. For a patient, fatigue and loss of taste are some of the common symptoms leading to anorexia causing a lack of energy to cope with the disease. Therefore, one of the treatment principles recommended by HCDC is to provide adequate, balanced, and safe for F0 home treatment.

Food cleaning, Precaution with gloves cleaning.

1. Adequate nutrition

The diet must meet enough energy and necessary nutrients, not cause deficiency, which can be understood most simply as it needs to meet the quantity and quality of meals.

About the first quantity to remember not to skip meals, based on the eating habits of Vietnamese people, HCDC recommends eating 3 main meals a day and increasing the number of snacks depending on individual needs. of each person. In terms of the volume of each meal, just eat enough, should not eat too full, which can cause breathing difficulties.

In terms of quality, it is necessary to ensure Sufficient and diverse food groups including starch group, fat group, protein group, dark yellow-green vegetable group, fruit group, especially if conditions can be possible. added a group of nuts.

Vitamin, Micronutrients and DemandFunctionFoods  
Vitamin A=> Men: 650 mcg=> Women: 500 mcgPhysical growth.Protect the body (increase the quantity and quality of antibodies).Nourishes and regenerates mucous membranes.Liver (6500 mcg)Egg yolk (140 mcg)Carrots (835 mcg)Sweet potatoes (709 mcg)Pumpkin (369 mcg)……
Vitamin C- 85 mgAntioxidant.Involved in collagen synthesis.=> Increases resistance.Fresh fruits and vegetables eg:Grapefruit (95 mcg)Lemon (77 mcg)Oranges (40 mcg)…..
Vitamin D- 15 mgImprove immune system.Sun exposure 15-30 minutes/dayFood :Carp (24.7 mcg)Milk (7.8-8.3 mcg)…..
Vitamin E=> Men: 6.5 mg=> Women: 6.0 mgAntioxidantSoybean products, sprouts.
Kẽm (Zn)=> Men : 10 mg=> Women: 8 mgSupports immune activity.Absorption and Metabolism of Vitamin ANeutralizes oxidizing radicalsThe transformation of energyAnd many more tds…Seafood, meat and legumes:Oysters (31 mg)Scallops (13.4 mg)Beef (4.05 mg)Sesame seeds (7.75 mg)….
Omega 3- 2g Anti-inflammatoryAnd many more effects…From marine fish, seafood, and nuts (walnuts, chia, macadamia)
Selen=> Men:34 mcg=> women: 26 mcgCombined with Vitamin E plays an important role in anti-oxidationBrown rice, germ rice, fish shrimp, seaweed
Lợi khuẩn Digestive support.Balance intestinal microfloraLimiting infections.Cheese, yogurt…
FlavanoidAnti-OxidantBoost immunity.Spices: basil, perilla, green tea, ginger, garlic, turmeric…

2. Balance

The ratio of nutrients that provide energy is recommended in the average person about Glucose (sugar group, starch): Protein (protein group): Lipid (fat group) = 60:15:25 (%). In addition to energy-producing groups, it is also necessary to have fiber groups and foods that provide vitamins.

The above is the rate for a normal person, but for covid patients according to the HCDC recommendation, it is necessary to LIMIT eating a lot of sweets, especially sugar, the recommended amount of sugar for adults is < 10% of total energy. eat in. For the remedy, you can use honey instead.

In addition, according to the Vietnam National Institute of Nutrition, it is recommended to prioritize the use of unsaturated fats and limit the use of saturated fats.

The recommended fiber intake is 18-20g/day. Details.

Nutrition Balance Demand.

3. Safety

Food must ensure SAFETY and HYGIENE. Do not use rancid, stale, or expired foods. Clean foods help our body gets more quality nutrients to recover

Ensuring hygiene when processing food will help limit the occurrence of unintended digestive diseases during covid treatment.

If using nutritional supplements, follow the instructions of a nutritionist

Food safety

4. Children’s nutrition


a.Monitor the child’s nutritional status by weight and the amount of food the child eats and excretes.

b. Daily balanced diet with 4 main elements: Lipids, energy-producing substances, vitamins and minerals, and protein.

c. Daily must eat at least 5 of the food groups: starch group, milk, and dairy products group, fat group, dark green yellow vegetable group, fish meat group, egg group, nuts group.

d. Limit sweets (recommended sugar <5% of total energy intake).

e. Limit eating too salty.

f. Provide enough water.

In addition, for babies after 12 months of age, it is recommended to use formula milk

Proper nutrition combined with gentle exercise and correct medication regimen to quickly recover from the disease.

By JT-BHR media